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广州(Canton),广东省省会,位于东经112°57′-114°03′,北纬22°26′-23°56′。她濒临南海,毗邻香港和澳门,是中国的南大门、国家中心城市、国际大都市,世界著名港口城市,中国南方的金融、贸易、经济、航运、物流、政治、军事、文化、科教中心、国家交通枢纽,社会经济文化辐射力直达东南亚。

广州是一座历史文化名城,建城至今已有2200多年的历史。今天的广州经济高速发展,城市面貌日新月异,地铁、城际路网、新国际机场和众多国际性会议展览中心纷纷落成,表明这座千年古城正日益显现出现代化国际大都市的无穷魅力。

作为中国经济最活跃的前沿城市以及对外窗口之一,广州的经济综合实力位居全国前三位,经济影响力远涉东南亚乃至全球。世界500强公司中已有100多家(如日本本田汽车、美国宝洁公司等)在广州设立了外商投资企业。创办于1957年的中国进出口商品交易会每年在广州举办,是中国规模最大的国际贸易盛会。

广州是一座充满活力、文化内涵丰富且多元化的城市,常住人口超过1200万人,是中国最主要的对外开放城市之一。作为对外贸易的窗口,外国人士众多,来自中国和世界各地的人们分享着不同文化、风俗和宗教。2010年,广州成功举办第16届亚运会。2015年,广州恒大足球队夺得亚足联赛冠军,标志着中国足球冲出亚洲。

广州,别称五羊仙城、羊城、穗城、穗垣、花城等,古称任嚣城、楚庭、番禺或南海,旧称省城,广东省省会,副省级城市,国务院公布的全国第一批历史文化名城之一,1984年14个沿海港口城市之一。广佛都市圈核心城市,粤港澳都市圈核心城市,珠三角都市圈核心城市。2013年中国城市竞争力市级排名方面,香港占据榜首,深圳、上海、台北、广州、北京等依次位列其后。2013年前一季度中国各省市GDP排名及增量广州第三。广州总部经济发展能力综合得分76.01排名第四位,列总部经济发展第一能级,与北上深领跑全国。2013年广州在中国除台湾城市外的287个城市的综合竞争力排名第四(次于香港、北京、上海)。2012年金融资本竞争力前5名(次于香港、北京、上海和深圳),2011年广州成为继上海、北京后,第三个加入“GDP万亿元俱乐部”的内地城市。全国最具影响力、中国第一展广交会(即中国进出口商品交易会)的举办地,2010年成功举办了第16届亚洲运动会。

广州是一座适宜生活的城市。广州市终年气温相对较高,年平均温度有22℃。气温年内变化为单峰型,最高出现于7~8月,最低在1月。一年中大部分时间雨量充沛,雨季明显。4~9月为多雨季节,半年降水量一般占年降水量的80%以上,其中最多雨为5~6月,平均月雨量达280-300毫米,常有大-暴雨出现;最少雨在11月至翌年1月。10~11月受副热带高压下沉气流影响,多晴朗天气,12月至翌年3月,主要为大陆干冷气团控制,天气相对比较凉爽、干燥。

交通便利,公交、地铁四通八达;美食聚集,粤菜是中国著名四大菜系之一,它以特有的菜式和韵味,独树一帜,在国内外享有盛誉;休闲娱乐场所遍布,在广州你既可以领略传统岭南文化的独特韵味,又可以自如穿梭在剧院、博物馆、画廊、餐厅和咖啡馆之间。

食在广州,学在广州。来广州,你将拥有前所未有的多元文化生活体验!广州欢迎你!


【地标】广州塔、海心沙、五羊石像、黄埔军校、中山纪念堂、镇海楼、白天鹅、海珠桥、珠江、中信广场、天河城、琶洲国际会展中心、广州双子塔(广州西塔、广州东塔(在建))、白云山、广东省博物馆新馆、珠江新城、陈家祠。2012年中国城市摩天大楼总量广州44座,排名全国第四(仅次于香港、上海、深圳)。  

【经济状况】2012年广州市实现国内生产总值(GDP)13551.21亿元,人均国内生产总值约为108574元(17274美元),同比增长10.5%。2013年城市竞争力蓝皮书:港深沪综合竞争力最高,2012年综合经济竞争力指数排名次于香港、深圳、上海、台北、位列第5位。2012年宜商城市竞争力次于香港、北京、上海、广州第五。  

【行政区划】广州市行政区划调整情况:越秀区、荔湾区、海珠区、番禺区、花都区、从化区、增城区。


Guangzhou (Guǎngzhōu 广州 or just simply GZ) is the capital of Guangdong Province in Southern China and has a population of over 10 million (The official registered population is 7.3 million, with over 3 million unregistered residents). It is adjacent to Hong Kong and Macau. In the era of tea clippers, Guangzhou was known in the West as Canton. The food and the language of the area are still known as Cantonese, and the airport code is CAN.SummarizationAt first sight, Guangzhou appears less a city that's developing than one that's about to explode. Every corner seems packed with high-rise buildings, overpasses, and people running a marathon. It can be overwhelming, and the initial instinct of many travelers is to get out as soon as possible. However, those that overcome this urge and stay longer will discover a gentler and more personable side to the city.



Eating in Guangzhou Guangzhou Wenchang Chicken The word Wenchang in Guangzhou Wenchang Chicken has two historical references: First, the chicken used was originally a high-quality chicken from Wenchang County in Hainan Province; and Second, the first Guangzhou restaurant offering this dish was located on Wenchang Road in Guangzhou City. During the 1930s Guangzhou master chef Liang Ruijiang created this ingenious dish by removing the bones and boiling, steaming and frying the chicken meat with ham and chicken liver. By doing so, he made the best use of the ingredients and bypassed their disadvantages resulting in the perfect chicken dish. Over the past decades, Wenchang Chicken has gained popularity in China and beyond. 

Today, it ranks among Guangzhou's top eight chicken dishes.Guangzhou Restaurant (广州酒家)Address: 2 Wenchang Nan Lu (文昌南路2号)Tel:86 20 8138-0388.Route: Metro 1 Chang Shou LuSliced Suckling Pig This dish featuries a suckling pig prepared with a bright red, oilly textured skin and tender meat. Its unique flavor has earned it wide popularity. Roasted suckling pig is one of the grandest dishes for the people of Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces and is served when entertaining guests at home or in a restaurant.Datong Restaurant (大同酒家)Address: 63 Yanjiang Lu (沿江路63号)Tel: 86 20 8188-8988.SnacksThese snacks and dim sum are not just something to eat; rather, they are an integral part of Guangdong's food culture. Guangzhou's snack cuisine consists of a wide spectrum of choices which are roughly classified into seven varieties: oil-fried small dishes; porridges; rice noodles; cakes; sweets; glutinous rice dumplings and variety of small dishes. These snacks are low-priced and available throughout the city.Panxi Restaurant (泮溪酒家)Address: 151 Longjin Xi Lu (龙津西路151号)Tel: 86 20 8181-5718Noodles

There are a wide variety of noodles including rice-flour noodles, wonton noodles, Shahe noodles, pork intestine noodles and Guilin rice-flour noodles. Among local people the wonton and Shahe noodles are the most popular. Pork intestine noodles are often offered in the morning and sell out very quickly. Rice-flour noodles and Shahe noodles are often boiled or fried with various meat ingredients such as beef brisket, trotters, fish balls, shredded pork or sliced fish. E-fu noodles are the most famous Guangdong noodles.You can find Noodles everywhere in Guangzhou Traditional Buy

Canton embroidery

Canton Embroidery, namely Yue Embroidery, is one of the Four Famous Chinese Embroideries together with Su Embroidery, Xiang Embroidery and Shu Embroidery.

Canton Enamel

Canton Enamel is short for Guangzhou Colorful Pottery. It has a history of over 300 years.Jade Sculpture

Jade sculpture has a history of more than 1000 years.Ivory Sculpture

Canton Sculpture includes Canton Ivory Carvings, Jade Sculpture, Wood Sculpture and Olive Sculpture. The ultimate piece of ivory sculpture is the sculpted ivory ball.

Lychee

Lychee is one of the most popular fruits of Guangdong and is the main local products of Dongguan. The most famous kinds of lychee are Dongguan Guiwei and Nomici. Guiwei tastes cript, freshly sweet and delicious, and Nomici has bigger size and tastsd likely sweet. From the end of June to the middle of July every year is the best time to appreciate these two kinds of Lychee.

Shopping Centre

Teem Mall (tiān-hé-chéng 天河城)Address: 208 Tianhe Lu (天河路208号).Route: Metro 1 Ti Yu Xi LuBeijing Lu Pedestrian Street (běi-jīng-lù 北京路步行街)Route: Metro 1, 2 Gong Yuan Qian - Exits C, DShangxiajiu Pedestrian Street (shàng-xià-jiǔ上下九商业步行街)Route: Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu - Exits D1, D2Xiguan Antique Street (西关古玩城)Address: Liwan Road, near Liwan Park (荔湾湖公园).Opening time: 10AM - 5PMRoute: Bus 2、8、25、55、66、74、226.Get off at Pantang StationGuangzhou City

Transportation

Guangzhou City TransportationIf you intend to stay in Guangzhou for an extensive period of time, it is highly advisable to purchase a multi-purpose Yang Cheng Tong (羊城通) stored value card, similar to the Octopus Card in Hong Kong. It can be used not only for public transportation (bus, subway, parking meters and some taxis), but also for public phones and designated shops, places of interests and certain vending machines. The card includes a ¥30 refundable deposit. While you can purchase the cards in many places, returning your card at the end of the trip is a hassle, since service locations are limited. The best place to do so is at the service center at the metro Gong Yuan Qian station. It may be worth it to simply keep it as a souvenir.By busThere is also a comprehensive public bus service that covers Guangzhou from end to end.

By far, it is the cheapest way to move around. Bus fares are ¥1 for the older buses and ¥2 for the air-conditioned ones, although the older buses are slowly being retired.There are also 3 tourist bus lines, passing through many scenic spots in the city.By subwayGuangzhou's metro system opened in 1999. The network covers much of the city center and is growing rapidly outward. The fare ranges from ¥2 to ¥12. Most of the signs and announcements are also in English. Tickets are bought from vending machines in the stations. Bills from ¥5 - ¥20 or coins from ¥0.5 - ¥1 are accepted at ticket vending machines. You can change smaller bills at the customer service counter. The ticket is a small plastic token, which you use at the gate entering the platform, and at the exit. Multi-Pass and Yang-Cheng-Tong are also accepted and can be purchased at the customer service counter.

By taxiThis is the most popular way for foreigners to get around, and it is very affordable. The starting charge is ¥7 for the first 2.3 kilometers, or about 1.4 miles. After that is ¥2.6 for each kilometer. The cost may be slightly different, depending on the taxi operators. ¥1 fuel surcharge is now added. Although widely publicized, many of them actually do not accept Yang Cheng Tong as payment. The taxi hot line is 96900. This comes in handy when you forget your valuables in a taxi. Save your receipt because it contains the taxi's identification number.Business names and addresses on this guide are also in Chinese. Print them out and show them to the taxi drivers. Most drivers do not speak English; many not even Cantonese.

Tips:When to visitClimate wise, the best time to visit Guangzhou is in October and November. Alternatively, April and May are also good months. Guangzhou has a sub-tropical climate with humidity levels at their highest in the summer, so unless you enjoy Turkish steam baths, this is a season to avoid! Typhoon season is from June to September. Please note that the Canton Trade Fairs take place annually in 3rd and 4th weeks of April and October, so finding accommodation at these times can be difficult.WARNING: The last two weeks of April and October coincide with the annual Guangzhou International Trade Fairs. Hotel room rates are unreasonably hiked up anything from 200% to 400%, including hostels! If you're not travelling to see the Trade Fair, you might want to consider another period of time.



 
中国 广州市 广州大学城 华南理工大学 国际教育学院 B1-207,邮编:510006
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